Espionage, or the act of intelligence gathering, is as old as civilisation itself.
In Ancient Rome, plain-clothes military scouts known as ‘speculatores’ infiltrated enemy territories to gather information. And in Tudor England, elite ‘spymasters’ used networks of informers to defend the interests of the crown. Espionage took on a new urgency in the 20th century, as emergent technologies and global conflicts led to the advent of complex, globally influential new spy networks. Intelligence organisations, throughout World War One, World War Two and the Cold War, deployed elite secret agents to gather intel and ultimately gain the upper hand.
Here are 12 of the most notorious spies in history, from Queen Elizabeth I’s 16th-century spymaster to the Serbian-born agent who may have inspired the character of James Bond.AdventuresImaginationOutside the LawSocial SciencesSpiesTrue StoryWit
Publication date: 20/09/2023
22 x 27.5 cm | Hardcover
Foreign rights sold: English, German.